Application and tools

Application and Equipment Guide

An informational guide on sealing/preserving your driveway/roadway and rejuvenating your millings.

Overview

Hawk Seale 21 is a proprietary concentrate consisting of certain co-polymers, and other ingredients formulated to seal, rejuvenate, and re-bond asphalt millings to create a water resistant, non-tracking and non-eroding durable surface.

In the event of a spill

Clean up as any asphalt product, floor dry, sand, dirt can be used to absorb the liquid. HS becomes very sticky as it dries. WD-40 or similar products, diesel, or paint stripper can also be used to remove sealer from hard surfaces. Asphalt and Concrete surfaces will absorb solution and will be stained dark or black, but will be sealed and protected from oxidation, moisture and freeze-thaw cycles. HS will also preserve and seal asphalt pavement preventing air and water from entering the pavement which are the two main causes of asphalt deterioration.

NOTE: Hawk Seale treated recycled asphalt may not have the luster or look of “Hot Mix” asphalt. Finished surfaces can vary in smoothness, color and overall look due to a multiple of factors including quality and composition of the millings as well as varying practices in laying the millings.

Consistency and color
  • HS concentrate is brown in color but turns black when exposed to air. Viscosity is similar to 30 weight motor oilWen mixed with water it will become very thin to penetrate into the voids and fissures of the asphalt pavement.
  • When applied Hawk Seale is black in color, it can bring out the black in previously applied sealers on asphalt driveways and parking lots. Pavements may need to be re-striped after application.
Preparation and mixing
  • Add 8 to 10 parts water to 1-part HS concentrate. Do NOT use cold water, allow water to warm up to air temperature then add to concentrate to avoid shocking the emulsion causing separation.
  • Avoid prolonged recirculation of the solution prior to application as it may cause separation of the copolymers. Some pumps can “dead-head” or add air to the solution causing separation of copolymers within minutes.
  • We recommend “NO” circulation prior to actually beginning to apply the solution. Paint thinner may be added to break up this accumulation of copolymer to prevent the clogging of nozzles without affecting performance.
  • HS is air activated, avoid vigorous mixing, splashing, and recirculation as it can cause the copolymers to separate and break from the water during mixing and application.  
  • Paint Thinner can be used to thin copolymers if needed with affecting performance.
Approximate curing times vary depending on temperature
  • In temperatures above 90 degrees the millings can cure within an hour to a hard surface,  Mid- 80-degree temperatures will cure in an hour or two.
  • Mid 70-degree temperatures will cure in 2 to 4 hours.
  • Mid 60-degree temperatures will cure in 8 to 18 hours.
  • Mid 50-degree temperatures can take 3 to 10 days to completely cure.

Colder temperatures (55 to 60 degrees ground temperature) will slow the curing process dramatically which can expose the treated millings to damage from large trucks, tractors, multi-axle trailers, 4-wheelers, dirt bikes etc., for a longer period of time.

We do not recommend application below 55 to 60 degrees, especially if night time temperatures drop into the 30 to 40 degree range as penetration and bonding is reduced.

***In cooler weather compacted millings may feel carpet-like when walking on them, this softness will disappear as the treated millings cure to a hard durable surface.


Application rate for sealing/preserving asphalt
  • We recommend applying .35 to .4 tenths of a gallon of HS per square yard in 3 coats to asphalt pavement to fill the fissures, voids and cracks in the asphalt.
  • Apply approximately half of the solution with the first coat, each successive cost will take less solution as the pavement is filled from the bottom up.
  • Very porous surfaces may require more coats to “fill” the pavement to point of run-off signaling the fissures and voids in the pavement are “full”.  Solution will puddle and begin to run off when pavement is fully saturated.
  • Cracks larger than 1/4 inch should be filled with crack filler, also dirt, sand, trash and other materials should be removed from the surface of the pavement prior to application.
  • HS Solution can be applied with a sponge or heavy knap roller, sprinkle can and broom or sprayer for larger areas.

***HS is an adhesive product designed to bond asphalt and aggregate, it can be sticky until it dries.

New construction
  • Millings do not have structural strength and rely on the base underneath to provide strength for a lasting roadway.
  • We recommend there be an existing solid base or constructing a new base with 4 to 5 inches of 2” rock or similar base material to support your millings.
  • Spread and grade the millings to a minimum depth of  4 inches is recommended.
  • Expect treated millings to compact about 30%.  
Compacated millings application
  • Apply a total of 1- gallon +/- of HS solution per square yard in 3 passes.
  • The amount of HS 21 solution is self-determining; apply each coat until it puddles or begins to run off.
  • The 1st coat will absorb approximately ½ gallon per sq/yd,  the 2nd coat can be applied as soon as the 1st coat is absorbed.
  • It is better to apply more solution versus less than the recommended amount when applying to millings. Less than recommended rates may not provide the adhesion necessary to prevent raveling and erosion.
  • Any Re-compaction should be done immediately after the 2nd coat, as HS can begin to harden the millings very quickly at higher temperatures. Larger aggregate will be crushed when using a heavy  steel roller creating a mottled look.
  • Applying the 3rd coat to the point of puddling and/or running off to fill the voids and fissures to prevent air and water from entering the surface, which are the two main causes of asphalt failure.
  • Re-Compaction can be done with a heavy roller or smooth tired vehicle.
  • “Light” traffic can begin Immediately or as soon as solution is absorbed and dry.
  • Avoid overnight parking until the millings have cured typically in a couple days depending on temperature.
  • Fully Curing time varies from a couple hours to a week  depending on temperature.
  • ** You may notice a carpet like feel as you walk on the treated millings; this will disappear as the millings cure.
  • DO NOT use “vibration” on treated millings after 3 hours from application as the bonding process can be damaged.
Un-compacted millings application rate
  • Apply a total of 1- Gallon +/- of  HS solution per square yard in 3 passes.
  • Expect to use about half of your HS solution on the first application, applying the HS-solution to the point of puddling.
  • Apply the 2nd coat immediately after the 1st coat has been absorbed, the second coat will take less solution.
  • Compact the treated millings immediately after the second coat is applied even if still wet.
  • Then apply the 3rd coat to the point of puddling and/or running off to fill the voids and fissures to prevent air and water from entering the surface which are the two main causes of asphalt failure. .
  • It is better to apply more solution versus less than the recommended amount when applying to millings. Less than recommended rates may not provide the adhesion necessary to prevent raveling and erosion
  • Applying more than 1 gallon per sq/yd may be needed in some cases when millings do not have good adhesion.
  • HS solution can also be incorporated into the top 2 to 3 inches of uncompacted millings to create a deeper
  • Compaction can be done after the 2nd pass or coat of HS-solution.  Do not “over compact- 3 to 4 passes with a heavy roller or similar vehicle  is usually sufficient.   Over compaction can cause flaking and or rippling.
  • “Light” traffic can begin Immediately or as soon as surface is dry.
  • Avoid overnight parking until the millings have cured typically in a couple days depending on temperature.
  • DO NOT use “heavy vibration”  after 3 hours from application as the bonding process can be damaged.
  • Cooler temperatures below 65 degrees will slow the curing process significantly adding a couple weeks to fully cure before the surface is safe from damage.
  • DO NOT apply below 56 degrees ground temperatures as curing times increases, Cooler temperatures expose the millings to damage longer until fully cured.

*** You may notice a carpet like feel as you walk on the treated millings; this will disappear as the millings cure.

Compaction is very important in creating a durable roadway
  • Vibration can be used as needed
  • Do not over compact- 3 to 4 passes with heavy roller or smooth tired vehicle is usually adequate.
  • When compacting be careful to not over compact your millings as it can lead to rippling and flaking of the surface. Avoid short back and forth motion.  Long full-length runs will provide a smoother surface.
  • Plate compactors can be used for smaller projects and trimming close to buildings etc.

***DO NOT use ”vibration” to compact treated millings after 3 hours of application as the chemical bonding process can be damaged and separation of the aggregate can occur.

***HS rejuvenation of millings is a “cold process” versus typical “HOT Mix” and requires a curing time similar to concrete to set up into a hard surface.

Traffic
  • Light smooth tired traffic will help in compacting and bonding the millings, and can begin immediately.
  • Traffic should alternate driving patterns to compact the surface evenly and avoid creating tire paths or rutting.
  • Avoid overnight parking  and aggressive tired vehicles such as 4 wheelers and farm tractors until millings have fully cured.
  • You may notice a “soft carpet like feeling of the surface underfoot” as you walk on it right after application.    
  • This “soft feel” will disappear as the Hawk Seale Blend cures to a hard durable surface  depending on temperature.
  • Ground Surface Temperature of 56 degrees minimum and above is important for timely curing as the millings are susceptible to damage during the curing process.  
Handling and Clean Up
  • Equipment and tools should be rinsed or cleaned  immediately after use.
  • Use WD-40 or equivalent keep the pump, valves and nozzles free.  
  • HS solution will leave a film residue in and on tools and tanks etc. – Expect some tools to be a one-time use.
  • Zep Industrial Degreaser, WD-40 or diesel or similar products can be used for cleaning.
  • Boots, Gloves, goggles and coveralls are recommended.
  • HS- 21 concentrate will stick to everything it comes in contact with.
  • Clean up with Zep Industrial Degreaser,  WD-40 or its equivalent , or Diesel
  • Dried on solution can be cut with acetone or paint stripper.
  • WD 40 or Diesel fuel can also be used to keep equipment valves etc. free when not in use.
  • Un-used Hawk Seal concentrate and mixed solution can be stored in an airtight container similar to latex paint
  • Keep from freezing, shelf life is limited.

***HS- 21 may cause soft rubber components in garden and lawn sprayers, agricultural sprayers and fuel transfer pumps to swell and fail. Please be cautious when considering using these sprayers.  See our Sprayer Guide for more information on tools and equipment.

Mixing and Handling
  • Used cage tanks, drums and other larger containers  are ideal for mixing HS solution.
  • Use “Tempered Air Temperature Water” added to the concentrate to prevent shocking the HS emulsion.
  • Avoid aggressive stirring or agitation and/or prolonged recirculation of solution as it can cause the Copolymers to break away from the water and separate.
  • Some pumps can add air or if dead-heading can cause the copolymers to separate and clog pump and equipment.
  • Paint Thinner can be used to thin the thick copolymer to prevent clogging nozzles.
Pumps for sprayers
  • Water trash pumps or other pumps with plastic or metal impellers etc. are preferred.
  • We prefer water trash pumps as they are high volume with low pressure to minimize spray drift.
  • Larger ½ inch 80-50 fan jet nozzles work well for application spaced 6 to 12 inches apart for booms and will work for wands.
  • Do not agitate solution prior to application as some style pumps can add air to the solution which can lead to separation and coagulation.
  • Do not use agricultural or garden sprayer pumps as they can seize up due to the adhesive ingredients in HS solution as HS solution will leave a sticky residue. HS may cause rubber components to swell and fail.                                                    
  • Be sure to rinse your system after use.    
  • Tools, tanks, and other equipment will be left with a sticky black residue.  WD-40, Degreasers,  Diesel,  or similar products can be used to remove the HS residue.
  • Expect containers to be permanently stained and some tools to be a one-time use.  

No guarantees of performance are implied or offered due our lack of control over mixing and application, surfaces and materials applied to, and weather conditions.

Contractors and applicators are welcome.

For more specific information or if you have questions, please don't hesitate to reach out to us directly.

Download
Introductory presentation to learn more about Hawk Seale
FAQ

Frequently asked questions

What is pavement sealing?

For most property owners sealing pavement is applying a coating to their driveway or parking lot. The average over the counter coating does nothing to preserve the asphalt and only provides an aesthetic color to make it black again. Asphalt is like a sponge, it has fissures and voids which allow air and moisture the two most damaging elements to enter pavement. Air dries out the asphalt, allowing more moisture to enter the pavement which deteriorates the asphalt through evaporation in hot weather and from expansion as the moisture freezes. Hawk Seale is designed to fill these fissures and voids from the bottom up to prevent air and moisture from deteriorating the asphalt surface.

Can I seal my own asphalt driveway with Hawk Seale?

Yes, simply spray or roll the Hawk Seale solution on to the point of running off or puddling, we recommend three coats to fill the pavement from the bottom up. Normal application rate is .35 to .42 tenths gallon per square yard on average.

Do you offer any discounts?

Yes, we discount multiple drum purchases after the 1st drum.  4 drum pallets are discounted to Tote quantity pricing. Totes are no longer offered.

Does Hawk Seale stand up in extreme cold or heat?

Once Hawk Seale has been absorbed into the pavement it is designed to flex with the change in temperature, it is not affected by extreme cold or heat.

How do I calculate how much Hawk Seale concentrate I need?

Simply email us at https://hawkseale.com with the dimensions and we can calculate quantity and cost for you. We will also send application and tool guides.

Take the length times width in feet for square feet-Divide the square feet by 9 for square yards-  Divide square yards by 11 for gallons of concentrate needed at the recommended 1 +/- gallon per square yard for millings.

Example:  100 x 10 = 1000 divided by 9 = 111.1.  Divide 111.1 by 11 equals 10.1 gallons of concentrate needed.
When sealing existing asphalt Multiply the gallons needed for millings by .35  Example 10,1 times .39 = 3.5 gallons of concentrate.

What type of equipment do I need to apply Hawk Seale

Hawk Seale does not require expensive equipment,  we are happy to send Application and Tool guides upon request.

Where can I find a local distributor?

We sell and ship directly to the customer. We do have a number of contractors/applicators who furnish and apply our products upon request.

How long will this help preserve my pavement?

Once Hawk Seale has been absorbed into the pavement it is impervious to the elements and does not break down.

How long will the millings hold up on a busy driveway, street, or parking area?

Asphalt needs traffic to keep it compressed, without traffic it opens up creating voids that take in more air and moisture and deteriorates the asphalt faster. Hawk Seale fills these voids with a copolymer base that stays flexible to prevent air and water from entering the pavement. Our first treated streets are now 27 years old with no or very little deterioration.

Do you have a return policy?

We do not, as we have no control of the dilution and mixing, the application process, the weather, or the condition of the surface or millings that Hawk Seale is applied to.

Can Hawk Seale be applied with a garden or lawn sprayer?

Lawn and Garden sprayers do not provide enough volume to saturate millings efficiently. Hawk Seale is an adhesive product and is not designed to be used in lawn and garden sprayers as it will leave a sticky residue.

What is the coldest temperature I can still apply Hawk Seale at?

For both sealing and re-bonding millings to millings we recommend a "Ground Temperature" of 60 degrees, rising, and above freezing during night time temperatures. Warmer temperatures will provide better penetration and compaction which is very important to getting a deep durable mat. Curing time for millings will also be reduced in warmer weather.

What is delivery time if I order today?

Once the invoice is paid, shipping time is 2-4 days in the continental US and Canada.

Do you ship overseas?

We currently only ship to the Continental US and Canada and Mexico.

Still unsure?

Reach out to us directly

Call us
563.379.3233
Or drop us an email
hawkseale@gmail.com